### To evaluate perhaps the math anxiety-performance hook could well be moderated because of the a variety of variables (age

g., geographic area, measurement from MA, dimensions regarding mathematics show, intercourse, values top, and you may book season), we held the fresh new heterogeneity decide to try. The fresh Q attempt (heterogeneity attempt) have found the distinctions among perception models, hence to understand more about hence potential moderator (we.elizabeth., study features) could have played a role within these variations is actually requisite.

## Geographical Part

Geographic nations was indeed experienced a possible moderate grounds. The outcome designs had been grouped towards the five large groups: Us, European countries, Asia or other counties. New statistical heterogeneity among impression systems is actually found (Q = , p = 0.01). Especially, the studies which have Far-eastern examples encountered the prominent impact dimensions (r = ?0.41), just like the degree with Western european samples displayed the tiniest impact dimensions (r = ?0.21). Simultaneously, the research with us trials got a more impressive perception proportions (r = ?0.30) compared to relevant category in the Europe, because they got a smaller impression dimensions compared to the relevant category from inside the China.

## Intercourse

The new modest analyses on gender was indeed used owing to a couple of steps. Earliest, the class on this subject varying is actually in line with Ma’s (1999) analysis, and we also compared whether the math anxiety-results link are rather more certainly one of about three kinds (men, people, and you can mixed); the results ideal there had been no differences one of the about three categories (Q = 4.62, p = 0.099). Next, this research had a tendency to extend after that to evaluate when you should ban new confound perception throughout the mixed class and you may whether the mediocre correlations ranging from female and male were significantly various other. Only eight degree one to offered the relationship ranging from MA and you may mathematics performance or vital information might be moved to feeling brands having some other men and women was in fact incorporated. The results recommended zero significant difference anywhere between female (roentgen = ?0.30) chat zozo desktop and you can males (roentgen = ?0.18) (Q = 2.73, p = 0.098).

## Stages Top

Four degree-peak groups was indeed formed contained in this meta-data, and additionally an elementary category, junior large classification, senior high group, merge group, and you can school class. The outcome ideal so it changeable got tall outcomes into the mathematics anxiety-efficiency link (Q = , p = 0.02). A lot more specifically, the latest elderly highest classification encountered the largest mathematics anxiety-overall performance hook up (roentgen = ?0.44), with the latest junior highest group (r = ?0.39), college (r = ?0.33), primary (roentgen = ?0.27), and you will combined group, which in fact had the tiniest math stress-performance hook up (r = ?0.21).

## Publication Ages

The modern meta-studies contains the time figure of 19 decades (2000–2018). To evaluate if or not big date had an impact on new mathematics nervousness-show connect, a good Pearson relationship is presented amongst the publication ages and also the of all the private education (r = 0.twenty-seven, p > 0.05). Zero correlation is found anywhere between perception brands additionally the publication decades (Figure 4).

## Measurement off MA

I and additionally searched whether or not the balances regularly take to mathematics anxiety had an effect on this new math stress-show hook up. The outcomes suggested that dimension out-of MA had no impact into mathematics nervousness-abilities link (Q = six.54, p = 0.48). Specifically, individual education which used most other balances (e.g., the newest Mathematics Anxiety Level to possess Basic University Students [MASESS; Bindak, 2005] encountered the premier math stress-abilities hook (r = ?0.41), followed by studies which used the fresh MAS (r = ?0.40), MARS (r = ?0.35), MAQ (roentgen = ?0.28), MASYC (r = ?0.26), CMAQ (r = ?0.24), SEMA (r = ?0.24), and AMAS (r = ?0.24), and private studies that used this new MASC encountered the littlest math anxiety-results link (r = ?0.15).

## Dimensions from Math Results

The classification criteria used to code the “math performance” variable are different. In terms of the testing aspects of the math performance test, two skills were highlighted: calculation and problem solving. In this study, the measurement aspects of the test had significant effects on the math anxiety-performance link (Q = , p < 0.01). Studies that evaluated mixed math performance (calculation and problem solving) reported the largest effects (r = ?0.37). In addition, it is worth noting that studies in which the test assessed problem-solving skills in math performance reported larger effects (r = ?0.33), while studies that assessed the calculation ability in math performance reported smaller effects (r = ?0.21). In terms of the form of the math performance test, three types of math performance tests were identified: custom test, standardized test and others. There was a significant difference among these conditions (Q = , p = 0.001). The results suggested that studies that adopted a standardized test custom test reported larger effects (r = ?0.33) than studies that adopted a standardized test (r = ?0.28). Moreover, the studies that adopted other math tests reported the largest effects (r = ?0.51).